by Anna Roth, Tobias Lang and Özlem Karacadal

Pre-Viewing Questions

1. In your opinion, what impact can tests have on students?

2. What impact can tests have on teachers and their teaching?

3. Come up with two positive and two negative effects that tests can have in the EFL classroom.



Post-Viewing Questions

1. Is there a difference between the terms “backwash” and “washback”?

2. What can be positive/ negative aspects of washback for teachers and students in the EFL classroom?

3. How can teachers create positive washback on students’ learning processes? How can they avoid negative washback?